What is a bunion?
A bunion is a bony bump developing at the base of the big toe, right where it meets the foot. It is a common foot deformity caused by many factors we will look closely at.
It happens when some of the bones in the foot move out of position. It is essential to note that this foot condition develops over time, resulting in pain and discomfort when using footwear for extended periods.
There’s also another condition called Bunionette. The joint where the little toe connects with the foot develops a bunion.
In some cases, it has the likelihood of causing the big toe to tilt towards the toe next to it. However, it can even result in the big toe overlapping the second toe.
If you’re struggling with this condition, it is vital to seek medication from a certified podiatrist in Memphis, TN.
What causes bunions to form?
Some of the common causes of bunions include the following:
- Foot structure. Individuals born with flat feet or dealing with foot conditions can develop an unusual gait which may result in bunions. So, yes, depending on how your feet are shaped, you may develop bunions or not.
- Improper footwear. Wearing tight and narrow shoes can cramp all the toes together, resulting in bunions.
- Injuries. Foot injuries do not only cause pain or soreness inflammation but create an imbalance in the foot, leading to the formation of bunions.
- Genetics. This foot condition also tends to be genetic. If your parents struggle with them, you are more likely to get them.
- Other conditions. Foot conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis can result in joint deformity, which causes bunion development.
In some cases, girls between the ages of 10 and 15 also struggle with this condition. While experts are unsure of what causes them, it may have something to do with the changes in footwear between those ages.
It is important to see an expert who may recommend surgery depending on the nature of the condition.
Issues bunion pain can cause
Bunions can cause a wide range of complications, including:
You will experience a burning sensation in the area the bunion occurs. It may become swollen, red, or tender.
Big toe problems
You might begin to notice problems on your big toe. You might experience pain and inflammation in the area. In some cases, the big toe will tilt and angle over the next one, causing it to misalign.
It can cause friction and pressure on the foot, causing the toes to rub against each other. Left untreated, it leads to the development of corns and calluses.
Bunions can also cause the bursa to inflame, resulting in bursitis. The bursa is a sac that provides lubrication and cushion for your muscles, tendons, and bones.
It is essential to seek minimally invasive bunion surgery, as it could also lead to arthritis. The affected joint will create friction against the bones, developing stiffness, pain, and inflammation – all conditions associated with arthritis.
Severe bunions can cause the tips of your second toe to bend downwards, resulting in a hammertoe.
Bunions can make you shift the weight of your body from the affected big toe to the ball of your foot. This will further cause pain to develop there.
Interference with daily activities
Another problem with this condition is that it causes difficulty in your daily routine, such as jumping, running, exercising, and even walking.
Treatment for pain or soreness inflammation from bunions
There are treatment options available if you’re struggling with severe bunions. Some of them include surgical procedures and non-surgical options.
- Wear fitting shoes. The simplest to relieve pain in your feet is to wear comfortable, fashionable shoes. You should opt for shoes with sufficient room for your toes to breathe.
- Apply ice. Another way to minimize swelling in your feet is to apply ice on the affected spot. You can apply between 10 to 20 minutes several times daily.
- Take pain relievers. You can also opt for over-the-counter anti inflammatory medication like Acetaminophen or Ibuprofen to relieve the pain.
- Use bunion pads. You can also opt for bunion pads to lower the pain in the affected area. These products are available in major pharmacies in Memphis TN.
- Therapy. Seeking therapy can also lower the discomfort and pain in your foot.
- Surgery. If your foot condition is severe, you may seek a doctor who will conduct bunion surgery on the painful area. The procedure is comfortable, and you won’t feel severe pain during and after the procedure.
Bunions should not be taken lightly, as it is a deformity that can result in pain, discomfort, mobility issues, and other conditions. If you struggle with the condition, visit our Memphis TN offices to seek professional treatment options.
We will conduct x rays on foot and properly diagnose the problem according. Next, we will provide you with treatment options to relieve pain and give you comfort.
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